A container supplier should have specific control settings and loading procedures in order to make sure that cargo will survive shipping with full safety of the goods to avoid spoilage. Without the proper techniques followed, and depending on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations in terms of size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and kind of refrigeration method. Here’s a list of settings requirements and loading procedures to assist assure transport will be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for that optimum conditions of the cargo. Most reefer cargo (over 50 percent) contains vegetables and fruit, and another forty percent includes meats and fish. Each kind has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set because of fresh cargo needing to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, that is, the airflow rate through the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) per hour. Air-flow is usually from the base of the reefer to the top. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and thru packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo should be closed, which is, just round the cargo.
3. Set humidity control for maximum conditions based on cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo needs to be secured to ensure that, once loaded, it will not move during shipment. Loaded cargo must not violate the maximum red-load line, which establishes the maximum height of cargo inside the reefer container supplier, to allow proper airflow return to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow should not be restricted from the proper flow around and through the cargo. This will depend on the form of cargo and be it chilled or frozen. However, if you can find significant gaps across the cargo, or excessively large chimneys in between the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and reduce proper airflow where it is needed to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor price continues to be properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without must open it up whenever you want from the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A suitably loaded and shipped reefer should provide adequate protection and maintenance of goods from beginning to end in the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers tend to be called reefers. A reefer is defined as “a refrigerator (especially one large enough to get walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play a vital role in global trade. They permit companies to ship items including fruits, vegetables, dairy products as well as other items requiring refrigeration while in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped on the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels needed for the item they are transporting. Reefer containers are generally fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly with the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specially designed to allow for the transport of individual refrigerated container units plus they are usually found in special parts of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems plus some reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to make certain perishable cargo will not be spoiled because of a refrigeration unit going bad.